Â By Bukola Afeni
The executive director of CITAD Mallam Yaâ€™u said a large number of boko haram members are initiated due to poverty and socioeconomic factors in the country .
The executive director gave the indication at a public presentation of a book on community resilience on Boko haram in Abuja Mallam Yaâ€™u is also urging communities to access information on what can be done to remain security conscious in the environment where they reside.
â€œIt is not only about bringing arms and ammunitions around the community ,but by maintaining security â€
â€œCommunities need to come together to protect itself from unnecessary violence acts in the societyâ€
â€œViolence provides a framework of operation ,and we need to research and find out the modalities behind the insurgent activities â€œhe noted.
The executive director is therefore urging all Nigerians to be united in eliminating the boko haram activities in the country .
â€œWhen the people are unified in fighting insurgent activities,the country can make progress in terms of security â€œhe added.
He also disclosed that the government should seek for means of eliminating poverty from the country ,by creating employment opportunities to the teeming youth .
According to Mallam Yau when Boko haram first gained prominence in the country ,some of the members attested to the fact that they were initiated into the group, because it will provide a means of livelihood for them.
â€œWhile some joined the group because they donâ€™t have vision in life ,and lost hope of excelling in lifeâ€he noted.
In the same vein ,the executive director noted that Borno state is the centre of movement in the North east ,and hence become the centre of Boko haram in the country ..
Speaking further ,the lead researcher ,professor Jibrin Ibrahim said there is an urgent need for community and religious leaders to engage in advocacy to bring people together in fighting insurgency in the country.
According to Professor Jibrin ,the boko haram ideology has created a radical extremism that infiltrates the religious movement.
While noting that the religion that is meant for peace and tranquility has resulted in violent religion .
He further noted that the group has developed an ideological framework to work with religious leaders who understand the people in different communities. â€œThe society is meant to have an alarm bell that identifies deviants in the society ,and put an end to the activities ,no matter the statistics â€œhe added.
Professor Jibrin stressed that the core problem with public education is that the standard has fallen drastically .
â€œThe level of graduates we have now is not encouraging ,majority of the graduates are illiterates â€
The declining quality of education is more important ,and there should be an urgent need to address it .
Reacting to the high number of almajiris in the North east,he said there has been a fundamental transformation of religious activities into activism in the country .
â€œThe religious activities had made some of the youth to engage in beliefs that is inimical to the growth of the country â€
â€œThe youth need to reconnect from.some of the erroneous beliefs for the communities to move forward â€œhe added.
The director MacArthur foundation ,Dr kole Shettima said there has been an indictment on the education system because people have lost confidence in it .
â€œWe are perpetrating a lot of inequality in the society ,the wide between the rich and the poor is so wide â€
â€œThe elite do not send their children and wards to the public school facilities .
Citing Lagos state as an example ,he said the state has fewer public schools ,compared to the North which has a large number of public facilities .
In addressing the issue of insurgency ,extreme inequality is one of the triggers ,which has to be nipped in the bud .
Government should provide skilled jobs that youths can venture into,and serve as source of empowerment.
There is an urgent need to criminalise hate speech ,and preachers that practice such should be severely dealt with .